Robert Gagne describes conditions of learning as a means through which individuals and groups acquire relevant skills to be accepted in society. Learning is a direct result of human behaviour which is influenced by the environment and the individual thinking process of learners.
The foundations of Gagne’s Condition of learning lies in the theories of behaviourism. He also mentioned that learning a specific skill depends on previous learning skills in a logical and sequential manner that contributes to building a learning experience.
Cognitive learning is a style of learning that maximises the brain's potential. It actively helps the brain to gather new information, connect it with the existing knowledge and deepen the retention capacity. Cognition is the ability to absorb and retain information through experience, thoughts and senses. Cognitive learning theory explains how internal and external factors affect the learning process.
Erik Erikson (1902-1994) was a theorist who modified Freud’s controversial psychosexual theory into eight stages of psychosocial theory of development. According to him, the socialisation process consists of eight phases which he called the eight stages of man. These eight stages were formulated through a range of experiences in psychotherapy including children and adolescents from low, middle and upper social classes. These stages provided structure to the learning and development of individuals at each stage of life. Erickson was particularly interested in how social interaction and relationships affect the development of human beings.
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Bruce Tuckman was a psychologist who developed the theory of 5 stages of development in 1965, the model consisted of Forming, Storming, Norming and Performing areas. Later he added a 5th stage, ‘Adjourning’ to the model in the 1970s.
The idea behind the model is you can’t expect a new team to form and perform to the best of their capabilities.